Originally Posted by DCG
The #4 has not arrived yet, but it will need a tune up and sharpening. Since one can make things more complicated than necessary and new things often seem daunting, I have a few questions before I get started. Please share your thoughts and experiences to help an associate here.
I know it won't be perfect from the get go and there is a learning curve.
1) What bumps in my learning should I expect.
2) What are the most important quick hit steps to help ease the pain?
3) Can you de-mistify sharpening/tuning/fittling?
3) What does fittling mean? vs sharpening?
4) What is Jappaning?
Ok, maybe a couple real easy ones there but the answers will be a big help. I may have a few more that come to mind. Kindest Regards, Justin
I'll take a stab at some of them, but you need to wait until someone who really knows their stuff comes along (like Mike or Tim or... anyone!).
1) Get a book, like Garret Hack's Handplane book. I thought he walked through the steps in a readable, comprehensible fashion.
2) I believe it's "fettle". Fettle is simply to repair
a tool for use. To fettle a plane, you'll flatten the sole, clean and adjust the frog, tune the chipbreaker, etc. And you'll sharpen and hone the blade.
4) Jappaning is the "black paint" on the plane. Sometimes it ain't black and I don't think it's paint, but you get the drift.
The basic steps are:
- check the sole, flatten if necessary. Hopefully not too much required since you have a lot of metal to remove. One way to flatten is to adhere sandpaper sheets to a known flat surface (like a TS top) and abrade away. There's more to it than that, see the book, but you get the drift.
- if its a Bailey style plane then you remove the frog, debur the mouth, smooth the mating surfaces and reinstall. Again - more to it, but that's the basics. If its a Bedrock, then the approach is the same but the details differ a little.
- the chipbreaker should fit flat and tightly on the iron. Again see the book.
So far you've probably used sandpaper and a small mill file.
When it comes to sharpening the blade, you've got some choices on the technique. There are automated (Worksharp, Tormek, Jet) approaches and manual (wetstone, oil stone, ceramic or sandpaper).
From there the basics are: flatten the back of the iron (increasing grit from 320 to 1000, 4000, 8000 or so). Then you sharpen the bevel (same grit sequence), then you may or may not add a micro bevel. Then you hone the iron.
Sharpening is a book onto itself.
Some of this is in the Wiki.
Before I type a Freeser, is this what you're after???